Autumn Term Phonics & Words
This term, the children will be learning the sounds the individual letters name (and a couple of ones made with 2 letters)
By half-term they will have been taught: s,ss, a, t, p, i, n, d,g, o, c, ck, k, e, u, r, h, b. 
The more the children see and hear these sounds, the quicker they will learn them so, playing games and identifying them at every opportunity will be r=very helpful to your child.
As well as learning individual sounds, it is important the children learn to recognise simple words instantly as not all words can be sounded out. 
By half-term, they will have been taught: a, and, the, to, said, no, go, yo, he, she, we, me, be, was, have
Again, the more the children see and hear these, the quicker they will learn them so lots of flash card practise, pairs games etc, will be needed.
Autumn Term Maths
Counting, counting, counting! We will be counting everything: steps, objects, jumps, claps you name it, we will be counting it!
Children will learn that when working out the amount of objects you have, this is the last number you say when you touch the last object, or step the last step. This may sound simple to us but it is the concept of counting that we assume we all know but if not learnt, can then stop the children from progressing well in maths. 
They will also be learning 1:1 correspondence. This means you need to touch one object for each number you say. Again this sounds simple, but if you watch a young child who is beginning to count, you may well observe them touching 5 objects and saying 8 numbers because they haven't yet learnt that each touch, corresponds with one number at a time. It is helpful to teach them to physically move the objects into a straight line and to always recount to double check. Don't tell them whether they are right, ask them to recheck until they know they have counted correctly.
We will also be building up digit recognition. So, by half-term, the children will have been taught to recognise the digits: 0, 1, 2,3 ,4, 5.
Playing board games and using dice with numbers rather than spots helps children to practise this. Try to play number spotting games when you are out with your child.
We have introduced the 2D shapes of: circle, triangle, square, rectangle, pentagon.
Whenever you talk about shapes with your child, always ask them why it is a (for example) triangle. They should say 'It has 3 straight edges that are joined together by three corners.